|China Science and Technology Newsletter No. 635|
WAN Met with American Guests
Chinese Minister of Science and Technology WAN Gang met with U.S. Deputy Secretary of Commerce Francisco Sanchez and his biomedical delegation on October 14,
WAN Met with Austrian Guests
October 24, 2011-Chinese Minister of Science and Technology WAN Gang met with visiting Austrian Federal Minister of Transport, Innovation and Technology Ms Doris BURES, Austrian Ambassador to China Martin Sajdik and their party. The two sides exchanged in-depth views on establishing a cooperation mechanism between the two ministries, strengthening S&T cooperation between the two countries, especially in the areas of sustainable energy and environmental technologies.
WAN briefed the other side of
China-OECD Innovation Policy Roundtable
A China-OECD innovation policy roundtable meeting was held October 18-19,
At the opening ceremony, CAO and BOUCHER jointly inaugurated the opening of China-OECD Science and Technology Innovation Cooperation Liaison Office and China-OECD innovation policy information network (www.sti-oecd.cn). Both the Liaison Office and the Information Network will be operated by the
At the meeting, Chinese and foreign specialists discussed the issues on national innovation system management, public research management, and demand-side innovation. A range of presentations were made at the meeting, including OECD countries' practice and experience in improving the management of national innovation system; China's S&T development strategy and policy; the evolution of science and technology management system and the establishment of Policy Advisory Committee to strengthen macro coordination of S&T activities in Korea; the changing Italian public research institutions and associated analysis; research modeling of the triangular relationship between the mission, operation and management of public research institutions; strengthening the international cooperation of public research institutions and openness innovation; the United States Bayh-Dole Act for supporting and encouraging private sectors to possess intellectual property rights; policies and measures taken to encourage renewable energy and energy efficiency to address climate change, the carbon pricing that is being prepared, and the efforts supporting small and medium businesses enterprises to be part of clean energy and health research programs in Australia; and China's strategic planning and policies for the development of emerging industries. At the meeting, some new issues were also raised, including the measurement of investment in intangible assets, the role of technological innovation in the economic development, and the contents and methods applied in innovation systems management, for future study.
MOST and Gates Signed MOU
Chinese Vice-Minister of Science and Technology (MOST) ZHANG Laiwu and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Co-chair Bill Gates jointly inked on October 26 an MOU on strategic cooperation in
Under the MOU, MOST and the Gates Foundation will promote scientific and technological advancements in the related fields and associated findings transfer, through strategic cooperation mechanisms, including joint working committee and co-fund, based on the principle of mutual respect, complementarity, and reciprocity. Both sides will work together to address the financial and human resources needs for the collaboration, and improve the management of projects and the efficiency of technology development. Findings derived from the collaboration will be applied in the developing countries and regions, including
Nanobiology and Microsystem Cooperation
Two international cooperation accords were undersigned at an international seminar on nanobiotechnology and microsystems held on October 22,
The seminar was part of the event jointly organized by the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology and Chongqing Municipal Government to invite renowned overseas R&D institutions to tour around
Gene Regulating Grain Size Cloned
A national innovation research team, led by ZHANG Qifa at Huazhong Agricultural University State Key Laboratory for Crops Genetic Improvement, has recently cloned a quantitative trait locus GS
Numerous studies indicate that of the two genetic materials with identical background, the material producing large grains enjoys a higher GS5 gene expression, compared with the one producing smaller grains, with the former being 8.7% wider and 7.0% heavier than the latter, in addition to the difference in grain size traits. Meanwhile, per plant yield produced by the material generating large grains is 7.4% higher than the one generating smaller grains.
Sequencing of the promoter region in 51 rice accessions from a wide geographic range identified three haplotypes that seem to be associated with grain width, namely GS5 large grains, GS5 medium, and GS5 small, corresponding exactly to the grain width traits, where GS5 small is a wild rice plant, and GS5 large the mutations derived from domestication and breeding processes. Further analysis showed that mutants are formed depending on the natural variation of promoter GS5, suggesting that natural variation in GS5 contributes to grain size diversity in rice and may be useful in improving yield in rice and, potentially, other crops as well.
DUV Technology into Cutting-Edge Instruments
It is learned from the
Apart from the eight major instruments, researchers also established a range of platforms to develop DUV nonlinear crystals and devices, DUV solid-state laser apparatus, and associated applications. Core components, such as DUV crystals and components, have been produced at a small scale, which laid groundwork for the follow-up development and associated commercial applications.
Full-fledged Deep Earth Exploration
According to China Central Television,
Meanwhile, deep seismic reflection profiling, another part of the deep exploration, has been staged in
According to a briefing, scientific deep drilling and deep seismic reflection profiling are the two component parts of
World's First AP1000 Nuclear Deaerator
Two nuclear deaerators, the first of their kind in the world developed by the Harbin Boiler Factory for Sanmen AP1000 Unit 1 nuclear generator, have successfully rolled off the production line and delivered to the user. Up to date, Sanmen Unit 1 nuclear generator has been equipped with all the deaerators needed, allowing workers to seal off the cap of the conventional island. Sanmen Unit 1 is the world's first AP1000 nuclear power project. Made up of two deaerators and one water tank, the deaerator system developed by Harbin Boiler is a major component in the conventional island. The deaerator is
China Spallation Neutron Source, the largest science infrastructure in the country to date, kicked off its construction on October 20,
Test Platform for World's Fastest EMUs
Not long ago, a rail traffic laboratory, jointly established by the Ministry of Railways and
The lab will work to build the platforms for basic rail traffic experiments and digital simulation, mainly on the basic and applied studies of the wheel-rail high-speed trains at a speed of
According to a briefing, the laboratory will soon work on the vehicle performance of CRH