|China Science and Technology Newsletter No. 634|
High-Level Positions for Female Candidates
A high-level female talents development meeting, sponsored by All China Women's Federation (ASWF), was held on October 11,
Ten government agencies, including All China Women's Federation and Ministry of Science and Technology, jointly launched in January
At the meeting, a range of policies were introduced. The CPC Central Committee Organization Department has reiterated the female retirement age (60 years old) for the position of division chief or above, and defined the female proportion in the management team, and the proportion of female deputies in the National People's Congress and the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
A senior official of National Natural Science Foundation told the audiences that NNSF has rolled out new policies, extending the age of female applicants for the Youth Science Foundation to 40 years old. Meanwhile, female applicants may extend the finishing time of a research project due to giving birth to baby. NNSF also promised to add more female members in its expert review panels.
Marine Talents Plan Released
Not long ago, the Chinese State Oceanography Bureau, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, and
Beijing Zhongguancun Science Town Development Planning (2011-2015), jointly prepared by ten government agencies, including Beijing Municipal Economic and Information Technology Commission, was officially released on October 18, 2011. The plan says the
LIANG Sheng, Executive Deputy Chief of Zhongguancun Innovation Platform said
WAN Met with American Guests
October 13, 2011- WAN Gang, Chinese Minister of Science and Technology met with visiting former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Applied Materials Chairman & CEO Michael Splinter and his party. The two sides made an in-depth exchange of views on strengthening clean energy cooperation between
Dr. Rice said the
Joint Translational Medicine Research
A ceremony was recently staged by the
A World Origin of Millet
A study team, led by LV Houyuan of CAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics, reported that the scientific identification of the food ash samples excavated from a Neolithic site in Cishan, Wu'an Municipality,
Researchers made the discovery based on the phytolith analysis of different parts and cell layers of modern common and foxtail millet plants. They developed five criteria for identifying the phytolith of common and foxtail millet species. The systematic phytolith and carbon-14 dating analysis of 46 ash samples collected from 5 Neolithic caves in Cishan, and one ash sample stored in the Cishan Museum in different laboratories confirmed that of the food stored in the caves, some are the earlier foxtail millet crops grown about 10000-8700 years ago, and some others are the common millet grown about 8700-7500 years ago. The discovery provides the earliest evidence about people growing both common and foxtail millets in the locality.
The collections kept at the Cishan Ruins Museum also show some 6,000 objects unearthed along with the food ash samples, including pottery, stoneware, boneware, mussel ware, animal bones, and plant specimens. The finding provides valuable clues for looking for earlier civilization origins of farming, animal husbandry, and pottery industry in ancient
Extrasolar Materials Found in Antarctic Meteorites
CAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics bought a nano-SIMS from overseas manufacturers, in a bid to have an in-depth study of Antarctic meteorites. While working on the meteorites collected from the Antarctic, researchers spotted extrasolar materials in a meteorite sample marked GRV 021710 (CR2), through minor components isotope scan using nano-SIMS matrix, in an attempt to find the particles with isotope anomalies. Researchers also studied the chemical and mineral composition of the particles showing isotope anomalies using Auger nano-probe.
Based on nano-SIMS isotope data and mineral chemical composition data derived from Auger probe, researchers found in CR2 carbonaceous chondrite meteorite a large quantity of extrasolar materials originated from the red giant, AGB stars, and supernova, including silicates, oxides, silicon carbide, and carbon particles (graphite and organic matters).
The 442.6-gram GRV 021710 (CR2) meteorite was found on January 20,
Monkey Exome Capturing Array
Beijing Genomics Institute (Shenzhen) has recently developed a monkey exome sequencing and analyzing platform, through which researchers may improve their understanding of tiny differences between different monkey genomes, and conduct medicine and disease related researches.
The platform is built on two core technologies: monkey exome capturing array (MECA) and the new generation high-throughput sequencing technology. The combination of the two technologies enables researchers to capture the entire monkey exome. ZHANG Jiong, a researcher working for BGI said BGI has initiated a Chinese rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) genome project and a Cynomolgus macaque (Macaca fascicularis) genome project. Based on the genomic data generated from the two projects, BGI designed the exome capture array. The array is the only capturing array in the world able to capture monkey exome.
Telescope for Antarctic Expedition
According to a briefing, the telescope is
The telescope's lens, structure, and material used have a special design touch for working in an extreme Antarctic environment. The telescope, with a primary mirror having an automatic defrost system, becomes more compact for easier delivery, thank to an improved optical structure, and to the lighter materials used, including low temperature steel and low expansion materials. Other components, such as transformer and electronic control gear, are also tailored to meet Antarctic cold environment. The system supports remote control and unattended observation.
Nitride Phosphor Synthesized Using Microwave
Not long ago, CAS Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering researchers successfully prepared high quality nitride phosphor under low temperature and regular pressure. The high quality nitride phosphor passed fluorescence property tests in August.
The new technology turned microwave power into heat energy, enabled a balanced heating. Comparing with the traditional high pressure synthesis process featured with high temperature (
Furthermore, under the same reaction temperature, the microwave synthesis process would see a raised quantum efficiency of phosphor by 1.6 times, compared with the traditional process. Additionally, a regular air furnace yields only 100 grams of phosphor a day, while the microwave process is able to hit the level of tens of kilograms a day. The new technology is applicable for zero gradient large area even heating, enjoying a fast temperature rise and a short reaction time, desirable for producing the powder with evenly distributed particles.
Largest Movable Radio Telescope
SUN Zhengwen, deputy head of CAS Xinjiang Observatory recently told reporters that the 110-meter radio telescope project, the largest of its kind in the world jointly staged by the Xinjiang Autonomous Region and the
World First Permanent Maglev Rotary Mechanism
A permanent maglev bearing turbine, designed by
Thanks decade painstaking efforts, a team of researchers led by Prof. QIAN Kunxi at