|China Science and Technology Newsletter No. 631|
Attracting More Overseas Talents
The Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and the State Foreign Experts Bureau jointly inked on September 13,
Both sides will accommodate the needs of major national projects for talented people, taking advantage of international collaboration opportunities commonly seen at a major national project. They will tap up high-end innovation talents from overseas sources, ensuring the smooth operation of major national projects that are designed to produce major strategic products and key generic technologies. The two sides will also strengthen international academic exchanges and the training of academic leaders in the area of science and technology, enhancing the capacity building of S&T personnel and innovation teams.
According to the accord, the State Foreign Experts Bureau will initiate a special talents recruitment program for major national projects, sponsoring talent recruitment projects and associated training courses, and rendering the needed support to the endeavor. The Ministry of Science and Technology will coordinate the recruitments in a categorized manner, rendering reviewing services to recruitment applicators, and assisting the State Foreign Experts Bureau to supervise and govern the recruitments projects.
ZHANG Jianguo, Vice Minister of Human Resources and Social Security and Chief of State Foreign Experts Bureau, said during the 11th five-year period (2006-2010), the Bureau has launched more than 700 projects to recruit overseas talents for major national projects, assisted international cooperation and exchanges by ten thousand person-times, and rendered a wisdom contribution to major national projects.
XU Jing, Director of MOST Major Projects Office, told reporters that as of September 2011, some thousand talented people have been recruited for major national S&T projects via a thousand talents program. In addition, each year many overseas high caliber S&T personnel would become part of major national S&T projects through collaborative research, visits, and exchanges.
New Marine S&T Planning Outline Released
A national conference was held on September 16, 2011 to discuss marine science and technology issues in
The Outline says in the coming five years,
WAN Met with Costa Rican Guests
WAN Gang, Chinese Minister of Science and Technology met with Alejandro Cruz, Costa Rican Minister of Science and Technology, on September 5,
Cruz shared some suggestions made by WAN, pointing out that
With the approval of Chinese Ministry of Education, a Nuclear Engineering and
According to the plan, one has to study for six school years to complete the entire courses, with first three years for basic courses, and the rest three years for engineer courses. During the first three years, courses will be delivered by French professors under a discussion oriented teaching model. Engineer education courses will be taught by both French and Chinese specialists in line with the French model for nurturing an engineer. Students will have their internships at Chinese and French research institutions.
The School admitted its first batch of students in July 2010. Of the first enrollment, 99 students are the freshmen. In 2011, the school admitted 100 freshmen in the second enrollment.
Golden Monkey Selects Winter Habitat for Sunshine
CAS Kunming Institute of Zoology announced on September 16, 2011 that the latest research results derived from the collaborations between its Environmental Protection Center and CAS Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden shows that the socalled "sunshine scenario" is able to explain Yunnan snub-nosed monkey's choices of their winter homes.
According to a briefing, before the arrival of winter, some migratory animals would shift from high latitudes to lower latitudes, while some others moving vertically from high altitudes to lower altitudes. However, the non-human primates dwelling on the highest elevation in the world, such as
Researchers believes that the findings confirm the fact that solar radiation makes an important factor for snub-nosed monkeys choosing their winter habitats, though it is differed from the previous explanations that wildlife's seasonal migration patterns have to be determined by food abundance, temperature, and predators. In this context, "sunshine scenario" makes a rational explanation to
Super Rice Landed a Yield over
Y-Liangyou-2, a super hybrid rice line grown by Father of Hybrid Rice Yuan Longping in
Chinese Herb Fights Hepatitis-B Virus
Not long ago, CAS Kunming Institute of Botany researchers found for the first time that the ethanol extracts derived from a Chinese herb named Qingyedan, mainly grown in
Researchers isolated 52 individual compounds, including 26 new compounds, from the active parts of the herb. They spotted seven Swertia lactone with novel structures, 4 split dimerization iridoid glycosides, and a string of split iridoid aglycones and glycosides. Researchers defined the possible biogenic pathways for Swertia lactones AD and HK. A study of the herb's activity shows that 15 compounds are HBV inhibitory, with Swertia lactone HK, in particular, enjoying a significant inhibitory effect on HBV DNA replication, equivalent to the effect of clinical anti-HBV drug Lamivudine. A preliminary study also indicates that it has an inhibitory mechanism that is differed from the clinically available anti-HBV drugs.
Egg Reprogramming Secrets Unveiled
Two study teams, led by XU Guoliang and LI Jinsong respectively at Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology under CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, reported their latest findings on egg reprogramming mechanisms in the September 5, 2011 issue of Nature, helping people to improve their knowledge of reprogramming mechanisms in natural fertilization and cloning processes, and in early embryos' development.
Financed by the Ministry of Science and Technology, National Natural Science Foundation,
According to XU, protein and nucleic acid methylation plays an important modification role in regulating genes' expression and on-and-offs, closely associated with animals and plants' growth, development, and diseases. As a result, DNA methylation can deactivate certain genes, while demethylation is able to induce genes to be re-activated and expressed. Previously, scientific communities are not clear about how methylation works on its chemical modification and why. The finding provides a new theoretical ground for developing right means to treat female infertility, and for raising the efficiency of animal cloning.
After a strong earthquake occurred on May 12,
New Communication Satellite Launched
At 00:33, September 19, 2011,
A Large Rong Men's Cemetery Found
Archaeologists unearthed a large Rong Men's cemetery in the Huangling County, Shaanxi Province, providing important information on the Xirong Men, an ethnic group originated from the Zhou Dynasty. To rescue possible ancient remains at a worksite that will be built into a water reservoir at Nanmengou in Yan'an, Shaanxi Provincial Archaeological Research Institute sent an archaeological team to the site. Researchers have since last April unearthed some 80 tombs of more than 100 tombs built in the Warring States period, unveiled bronzes, potteries, and iron tools. SHAO Jing who heads the excavation told reporters that the unearthed objects, especially the copper Ge and bronze swords, are bearing a close tie with the